What is COVID-19?

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the name given by the World Health Organization for a new
respiratory disease first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. It has now been identified
in more than 90 countries.
Corona viruses are a family of viruses found in people and animals causing a range of illnesses
from the common cold to severe respiratory infection. Due to the increased availability of testing,
more COVID-19 infections are being identified every day. As it is a newly-identified virus, this is
an emerging and rapidly- evolving situation and new information becomes available daily. Stay

How does the COVID-19 Virus Spread?
The virus is thought to spread mainly by “person-to- person” contact. This means close contact within six feet and through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.1 While humans are thought to be most contagious when symptomatic, the virus can spread even when an infected person is not
showing symptoms.2 It may be possible that a person can get COVID-19 by touching a surface or object that has the virus on it and then touching his/her mouth, nose, or possibly eyes, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.3,4

What are COVID-19 Symptoms?
Symptoms of a COVID-19 infection may appear 2-14 days after being exposed to the virus. Symptoms range from mild to severe respiratory illness.5 The most common symptoms include:6,7
◼ Fever
◼ Cough
◼ Shortness of Breath or difficulty in breathing
◼ Tiredness/fatigue
While less common, individuals with COVID-19 may also experience8:
◼ Aches and pains
◼ Sore throat
◼ Nasal Congestion
◼ Chills
◼ Nausea and vomiting

Vulnerable Populations:
Current COVID-19 cases and prior coronavirus infections suggest that the most vulnerable populations include9:
◼ Older persons
◼ Individuals with pre-existing medical conditions, such as:
◼ Heart disease
◼ Lung disease
◼ Diabetes
◼ Pregnant women

Treatment and Recovery
◼ The overwhelming majority of people infected with COVID-19 experience mild symptoms and recover from the disease without needing special treatment.10,11
◼ There is no specific antiviral treatment or vaccine for COVID-19.12
◼ Individuals with COVID-19 typically successfully receive treatment to relieve systems.13

Take the following steps to protect yourself to reduce the
likelihood of contracting COVID-19:

Practice proper hand hygiene by promptly washing or
sanitizing hands after coughing, sneezing, or physically
interacting with others.

-Wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with soap and water.
-Avoid touching your face (eyes, nose, and mouth).
-Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow
or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Make sure to
dispose of the tissue immediately.
-Wash your hands with soap immediately after sneezing or coughing.
-Avoid close physical contact with others, including
shaking hands and hugging.
-Maintain at least 6 feet distance between yourself and
anyone who is coughing or sneezing, when possible.
-Keep disinfectant wipes and hand sanitizer in an
easily accessible place.
-Seek medical care early if you have a fever, cough and
difficulty breathing.